Vermont is the seventh coldest state in the country.The highest recorded temperature was 105 °F (41 °C), at Vernon, on July 4, 1911; the lowest recorded temperature was −50 °F (−46 °C), at Bloomfield, on December 30, 1933; this is the lowest temperature recorded in New England (Big Black River, Maine, also recorded a verified −50 °F (−46 °C) in 2009).The geological pressures that created those peaks remain evident as the Champlain Thrust, running north–south to the west of the mountains (now the eastern shore of Lake Champlain).It is an example of geological fault thrusting where bedrock is pushed over the newer rock formation.Aside from the original 13 states that were formerly colonies, Vermont is one of only four U. states that were previously sovereign states (along with California, Hawaii, and Texas). Lake Champlain, the sixth-largest body of fresh water in the United States, separates Vermont from New York in the northwest portion of the state.From north to south, Vermont is 159 miles (256 km) long. federal border crossings between Vermont and Canada.
The annual snowfall averages between 60 and 100 inches (1,500 and 2,500 mm) depending on elevation.
The remains of the Chazy Formation can be observed in Isle La Motte. It is the site of the limestone Fisk Quarry, which contains a collection of ancient marine fossils such as stromatoporoids that date back to years ago.
It is believed that at one point, Vermont was connected to Africa (Pangaea) and the fossils found and the rock formations found on the coasts in both Africa and America are further evidence of the Pangaea theory.
Although these towns are large enough to be considered cities, they are not incorporated as such.
Vermont has a humid continental climate, with muddy springs, in general a mild early summer, hot Augusts; it has colorful autumns: Vermont's hills reveal red, orange, and (on sugar maples) gold foliage as cold weather approaches.