“Once or twice is almost surely no big deal,” George Holden of Southern Methodist University in Dallas told “The real problem is the parents who are doing it a lot.” At the same time, studies have shown again and again that there is no particular advantage to spanking your children.It doesn’t improve their behavior, and it doesn’t shape them into better people.
In addition to establishing standards for student conduct, the student code of conduct must:(1) specify the circumstances, in accordance with this subchapter, under which a student may be removed from a classroom, campus, disciplinary alternative education program, or vehicle owned or operated by the district;(2) specify conditions that authorize or require a principal or other appropriate administrator to transfer a student to a disciplinary alternative education program;(3) outline conditions under which a student may be suspended as provided by Section 37.005 or expelled as provided by Section 37.007;(4) specify that consideration will be given, as a factor in each decision concerning suspension, removal to a disciplinary alternative education program, expulsion, or placement in a juvenile justice alternative education program, regardless of whether the decision concerns a mandatory or discretionary action, to:(A) self-defense;(B) intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct;(C) a student's disciplinary history; or(D) a disability that substantially impairs the student's capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student's conduct;(5) provide guidelines for setting the length of a term of:(A) a removal under Section 37.006; and(B) an expulsion under Section 37.007;(6) address the notification of a student's parent or guardian of a violation of the student code of conduct committed by the student that results in suspension, removal to a disciplinary alternative education program, or expulsion;(7) prohibit bullying, harassment, and making hit lists and ensure that district employees enforce those prohibitions;(8) provide, as appropriate for students at each grade level, methods, including options, for:(A) managing students in the classroom, on school grounds, and on a vehicle owned or operated by the district;(B) disciplining students; and(C) preventing and intervening in student discipline problems, including bullying, harassment, and making hit lists; and(9) include an explanation of the provisions regarding refusal of entry to or ejection from district property under Section 37.105, including the appeal process established under Section 37.105(h).(b) In this section:(1) "Bullying" has the meaning assigned by Section 37.0832.(2) "Harassment" means threatening to cause harm or bodily injury to another student, engaging in sexually intimidating conduct, causing physical damage to the property of another student, subjecting another student to physical confinement or restraint, or maliciously taking any action that substantially harms another student's physical or emotional health or safety.(3) "Hit list" means a list of people targeted to be harmed, using:(A) a firearm, as defined by Section 46.01(3), Penal Code;(B) a knife, as defined by Section 46.01(7), Penal Code; or(C) any other object to be used with intent to cause bodily harm.(b-1) The methods adopted under Subsection (a)(8) must provide that a student who is enrolled in a special education program under Subchapter A, Chapter 29, may not be disciplined for conduct prohibited in accordance with Subsection (a)(7) until an admission, review, and dismissal committee meeting has been held to review the conduct.(c) Once the student code of conduct is promulgated, any change or amendment must be approved by the board of trustees.(d) Each school year, a school district shall provide parents notice of and information regarding the student code of conduct.(e) Except as provided by Section 37.007(e), this subchapter does not require the student code of conduct to specify a minimum term of a removal under Section 37.006 or an expulsion under Section 37.007. The principal may not return the student to that teacher's class without the teacher's consent unless the committee established under Section 37.003 determines that such placement is the best or only alternative available. If the student's behavior does not improve, the campus behavior coordinator shall employ alternative discipline management techniques, including any progressive interventions designated as the responsibility of the campus behavior coordinator in the student code of conduct.(b) A teacher may remove from class a student:(1) who has been documented by the teacher to repeatedly interfere with the teacher's ability to communicate effectively with the students in the class or with the ability of the student's classmates to learn; or(2) whose behavior the teacher determines is so unruly, disruptive, or abusive that it seriously interferes with the teacher's ability to communicate effectively with the students in the class or with the ability of the student's classmates to learn.(c) If a teacher removes a student from class under Subsection (b), the principal may place the student into another appropriate classroom, into in-school suspension, or into a disciplinary alternative education program as provided by Section 37.008. of the first business day after the day the disciplinary action is taken, a campus behavior coordinator shall mail written notice of the action to the parent or guardian at the parent's or guardian's last known address.(f) If a campus behavior coordinator is unable or not available to promptly provide notice under Subsection (d), the principal or other designee shall provide the notice. A campus behavior coordinator must comply with this subsection by:(1) promptly contacting the parent or guardian by telephone or in person; and(2) making a good faith effort to provide written notice of the disciplinary action to the student, on the day the action is taken, for delivery to the student's parent or guardian.(e) If a parent or guardian entitled to notice under Subsection (d) has not been reached by telephone or in person by 5 p.m.