Foreign trade returned after these hostilities, but Boston's merchants had found alternatives for their capital investments in the interim.Manufacturing became an important component of the city's economy, and the city's industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the mid-19th century.occurred in or near Boston, including the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, Paul Revere's midnight ride, the battles of Lexington and Concord and Bunker Hill, the Siege of Boston, and many others.After the Revolution, Boston's long seafaring tradition helped make it one of the world's wealthiest international ports, with the slave trade, Boston's harbor activity was significantly curtailed by the Embargo Act of 1807 (adopted during the Napoleonic Wars) and the War of 1812.
Currently, Catholics make up Boston's largest religious community, The largest reclamation efforts took place during the 19th century; beginning in 1807, the crown of Beacon Hill was used to fill in a 50-acre (20 ha) mill pond that later became the Haymarket Square area.
By the 1970s, the city's economy had recovered after 30 years of economic downturn.
A large number of high rises were constructed in the Financial District and in Boston's Back Bay during this time period.
Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year.
Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine (after its "three mountains," only traces of which remain today) but later renamed it Boston after Boston, Lincolnshire, England, the origin of several prominent colonists.