Zambian sex hook ups

11 However, until this occurs, data on Zambia’s key populations remains limited.Same sex intercourse is illegal in Zambia.12 What is currently known about this group is that men who have sex with men experience a heightened vulnerability to HIV for a multitude of reasons including alcohol abuse, low levels of education, being subjected to discrimination and low economic status.13 The Zambian government's own progress report alludes to one small-scale study in 2008, which puts HIV prevalence among this group at just 1%.Zambia’s revised National HIV and AIDS Strategic Framework (R-NASF) 2014 – 2016 now includes indicators on sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs.9 Between 20, the Population Council and partners have been conducting the first integrated biological and behavioural research in Zambia to determine the population size, HIV prevalence and incidence among sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs.This research will also identify social risk factors such as stigma and discrimination, alcohol and drug use, lack of access to services, and the absence of a social support network.10 Once published, the survey’s findings will provide national policymakers with objective evidence to inform HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs for key populations.Around 1.2 million people in Zambia are living with HIV.5 In 2015, life expectancy for men was 59 years and for women 65 years.6 This is a considerable increase from the 2012 life expectancy of 49.4 years, partly thanks to improved access to antiretroviral treatment.7 Unprotected heterosexual sex drives the Zambian HIV epidemic, with 90% of new infections recorded as a result of not using a condom.

Also, many sex workers experience circumcised clients buying sex before their wounds have healed who try to negotiate unprotected sex because they are circumcised; both of these actions directly put sex workers at risk of HIV.17 Many Zambians of both sexes move around the country seeking work.This is due to them experiencing exploitation, abuse and gender-based violence both on their journey and at their destination which is more likely when they are temporary migrant with few employment rights.21 In 2015, 640,000 of the 1.1 million adults (aged 15 and over) living with HIV in Zambia were women.22 Prevalence is much higher among younger women than younger men, standing at 11.2% for women and 7.3% for men aged 20-24.23 This reflects three main factors: Zambian society and culture is extremely patriarchal, limiting the power of women in relationships.Women are often taught never to refuse their husbands sex or to insist their partner uses a condom.One of the goals of the project is to generate evidence on the feasibility, acceptability and impact of self-testing that will then inform official World Health Organization (WHO) guidance on the intervention in order to catalyse self-testing across the globe.40 Zambia’s change in treatment policy has led to 59% of adults on ART achieving viral suppression.At the end of 2015, over 63% of people in need of antiretroviral treatment (ART) were receiving it.

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